Formative Evaluation of Inclusion & Mainstreaming of Climate Resilience in UNICEF Cambodia WASH Programme

Cambodia is highly susceptible to the impacts of climate change. It is likely that in the coming decades, temperatures will increase, and rainfall will become more concentrated, resulting in high-intensity storms, placing greater stresses on water resources as well as critical water and sanitation infrastructure services. However, assessing the impacts of climate change at a local level is not straightforward; when climate change projections are combined with demographic changes and scaled down, there are many uncertainties regarding what the resultant impacts on water resources will be.

UNICEF Cambodia commissioned a formative evaluation of efforts to mainstream climate resilience in UNICEF Cambodia’s 2019-2023 WASH programming, to aid institutional learning. It is the first formal evaluation of climate resilient WASH services being conducted at the Country Office level within UNICEF, and it intended to identify progress made since 2019, as well as document important lessons that can inform future programme planning.The evaluation applied OECD DAC criteria and considered the recent work and progress of both UNICEF and implementing partners. The evaluation considered both UNICEF’s ‘upstream’ systems strengthening work, as well as ‘downstream’ service delivery work, and in doing so, identified gaps and obstacles to progress.

This paper is also available in Khmer here