Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Universal access to water and sanitation has been widely referenced in poverty reduction strategies including the Millennium Declaration and the Sustainable Development Goals. At IOD PARC we consider sustainable management of water resources and WASH services to be integral to development and we demonstrate significant experience in the sector.

Our team draws on a wide range of expertise including technical WASH knowledge, public health, project management, and monitoring and evaluation. To date, our water resources management and WASH portfolio includes evaluations of multi-country WASH programmes and policies, evaluation of transboundary institutions, organisational development and system strengthening. Our portfolio of work covers a wide range of geographical areas reflecting our assignments that operate at a regional and global level.

Examples of current and past assignments in the water and WASH sector led by IOD PARC are as follows:

  • UNICEF: National Technical Resource Team: Institutional development and system strengthening to reduce open defecation: We have recently been commissioned by UNICEF India to provide flexible, high quality, well targeted technical inputs to assist the rolling out of their country programme for reducing open defecation under the Government of India's rural sanitation flagship programme 'Swachh Bharat'. Our multi-disciplinary consultancy team are working closely with UNICEF India staff at both head quarter and state level to supplement and strengthen their process of institutional development and systems strengthening.
  • UNSGAB: Consultation on post-2015 water architecture and implementation: We have been commissioned to support UNSGAB in preparing its final advice to the Secretary-General's advisory board of the United Nations on issues pertaining to the post-2015, SDG water architecture and its implementation. Our involvement with this work illustrates our credibility in the WASH sector and experience working at a policy level.
  • DfID: A Monitoring and Evaluation Facility for the South Asia Water Governance Programme (SAWGP): Through our membership in DfID's GEFA framework, we are assisting SAWG to establish an effective programme level monitoring system. The SAWG programme is supporting investment analysis, research and deliberative mechanisms to promote cooperative transboundary water governance between seven South Asian countries. The purpose of this work is to facilitate management, reflection and reporting of SAWG's work and assess whether it is providing value for money (VfM) in a meaningful and insightful way for management action and learning purposes.
  • Mekong River Commission Secretariat: Supporting the preparation of the MRC Strategic Plan 2016-2020: In summer 2015 we were commissioned by the MRC to support and review the drafting of its 2016-2020 Strategic Plan. Additional objectives of this consultancy were to review the MRC's institutional arrangements and internal capacities conducted for donors to inform decisions regarding future funding. This is in preparation for a forthcoming transition to streamlined strategic planning and related institutional reforms including the transition from Programmes to Core Function units.
  • Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council: Mid Term Evaluation of the Global Sanitation Fund (GSF): We were commissioned by the WSSCC/ UNOPS in 2013 to undertake a major, independent mid- term evaluation and synthesis of the Global Sanitation Fund in ten countries across sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. This formative evaluation has included design and implementation of methodology and data collection as well as analysis, consolidation and dissemination of findings. It aims to assist WSSCC in optimising the results achieved at country level and also to review the effectiveness and impact of the GSF overall in relation to the WSSCC 2012-2106 Strategic Plan.
  • WaterAid: Support to Sustainable Total Sanitation (STS) in Nigeria: Since 2013 we have been providing a range of support and advice to WaterAid on its Sustainable Total Sanitation (STS) project in Nigeria, a Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded programme. The programme involves work in three states and combines CLTS, Sanitation Marketing, Institutional Action Learning and Formal Research. We are helping construct a theory of change and will undertake a final evaluation in 2016 where we will lead in evaluating project results and outcomes.
  • WaterAid: Final Evaluation of Governance and Transparency Fund (GTF): We were commissioned by WaterAid in 2013 to provide an independent impact assessment of the extent to which its Governance and Transparency Fund (GTF) programme has generated change in peoples' lives in relation to improved governance and accountability. The key objective of this work was to explore what had changed for key stakeholders, the significance of these changes, and the extent to which the GTF programme had contributed to such change. The results of the impact assessment were used to demonstrate the success of the GTF programme to key stakeholders and donors including DFID.
  • World Bank: Water and Sanitation Programme (WSP) Results Monitoring: We were commissioned by the World Bank in 2012 to assess the validity of WSP's proposed methodology for assigning quantitative results to interventions focused on improving the enabling environment of intervention areas, and improve the WSP's results methodology and related tools for reporting on its impact on the ground. We have been responsible for the design of country monitoring tools for four of WSP's 6 Business Areas across its 24 country programmes. This substantive piece of organisational improvement work involved the review of existing monitoring systems and the design of an online tool which allows WSP to track the contribution of their work supporting national governments and assess the numbers of beneficiary's reached and the processes by which these contributions are made. This work has now been expanded from 2 t0 4 Business Areas. It involves review, evaluation, strategic development, training and web based design.
  • UN Water: External Review: We were commissioned by UN Water in 2009 to conduct an assessment of the overall progress and achievements of UN-Water since its establishment in 2003. The consultancy team undertook a review of their planning and implementation processes, the quality of its deliverables, the relevance of its outputs and its impact on partners with reference to UN Water's purpose, goal and mission. We provided recommendations for the further enhancement and improvement of both governance and the performance of UN Water, including providing input to the development of UN Water's Results Framework, and options for securing long-term sustainability.
  • UNSGAB: External Organisational Review: We were commissioned in 2009 to undertake an external organisational review of the UN Secretary General's Advisory Board (UNSGAB) on Water, whereby we conducted an assessment of their overall progress, achievement and impact since it's was establishment in 2004. We reviewed the Secretariat, implementation processes, and UNSGAB's position, roles and added value within the UN system.  We then provided recommendations as to the possible future role and activities of the Board and its governance structure.


Our Approach

Much of our water resource management and WASH related work is centred on institutional strengthening, organisational development and performance management.

By assisting our clients to improve their internal processes, systems and results monitoring, we believe they will be better placed to deliver high quality, sustainable water resource and WASH programmes that will have a significant and demonstrable impact; improving poor water and sanitation is increasingly being recognised as a way of contributing to a broad range of development outcomes including health, education and gender. 

Key IOD PARC staff delivering our WASH work includes Mark Keen, Sheelagh O'Reilly, Jerry AdamsSonia Coates and Christiane Duering.