Climate change


Climate change is a reality that is changing the world in which we live.  It increasingly affects us all but the burden is disproportionately borne by the poorest and least resilient in the countries most at risk from climate impacts.  At IOD PARC we apply our expertise in research, monitoring, evaluation and learning, and organisational development to work with partners and programmes which are tackling climate change related issues.

IOD PARC works across a wide spectrum of approaches to tackling climate change in both international development and western contexts including through:

  • Mitigation
  • Adaptation
  • Resilience
  • Climate finance

Our consultants have a broad range of experience in both quantitative and qualitative methodologies and the application of mixed methodologies, as well as sectoral specialities. We complement this with our network of associates to draw on expertise in areas such as climate law, finance and private sector financing.

We understand that climate change is a multi-disciplinary problem and we address it with a holistic approach that combines our expertise in related fields such as:

  • Migration
  • Forestry
  • Water
  • Gender
  • Social protection

Examples of our work include evaluations of the Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Programme, a water governance programme in South Asia and forest law enforcement in West Africa.  At home in Edinburgh, IOD PARC is participating in in the Edinburgh Adapts project to formulate an Adaptation Action Plan and Vision for Edinburgh city to adapt to climate change.

IOD PARC is committed to the UN's goals to achieve Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) by 2030 as a consortium member leading the Institutional Support Programme for the Scottish Government's Malawi Renewable Energy Acceleration Programme (MREAP). Our technical expertise in climate change mitigation includes a broad portfolio of work in sustainable energy, which can be viewed here.


IOD PARC climate change project examples 

  • Evaluation of the Global Climate and Energy Initiative (GCEI), WWF: IOD PARC conducted an evaluation of WWF's global climate and energy initiative (GCEI), a footprint global initiative addressing climate change and a move to 100% renewable energy through engagement with business, promoting renewable and sustainable energy, scaling green finance, and working nationally and internationally on low carbon frameworks. The evaluation assessed progress against the GCEI Strategic Plan for 2010 to 2016, particularly the outcomes and lessons from COP21 in Paris, and identified recommendations for WWF's future climate and energy programming. The evaluation criteria were relevance and quality of design, efficiency, effectiveness, adaptive capacity, impact and sustainability. The methodology included document review, key stakeholder interviews, and two in-depth impact case studies in Mexico and South Africa. (2016)
  • Edinburgh Adapts project, Adaptation Scotland & The Edinburgh Partnership: Participant in the Economy and Society workstream to formulate an Adaptation Action Plan and Vision for Edinburgh city to adapt to climate change. (2015)
  • Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) Independent mid-Term Review of Multi Stakeholder Forestry Programme in Nepal (MSFP): Led a team of technical experts to assess the achievements of the MSFP against results, including important benchmarks for the 2012-2016 transition phase of the programme and to provide strategic direction and recommendations for the design and modalities for the second phase of this programme. The MSFP covered issues of policy development, private sector engagement, livelihoods and climate change resilience related to forest land management with a community focus. (2015)
  • Review of the Himalayan Climate Change Adaptation Programme (HICAP), and the Atmosphere Initiative, International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development: A review of two of ICIMODs regional initiatives on climate change. These are multi-year initiatives, funded by more than one donor, and implemented in more than one country and combine a strong research component with efforts to engage with policy makers in ways that achieve long term impacts; enhancing the livelihoods and resilience of Hindu Kush Himalaya communities to climate change and the impacts of atmospheric pollutants, respectively. The two initiatives represent two distinct but significant pieces of ICIMODs strategic regional programming framework operational from 2012. Field work for the review covered Nepal, India and China. (2015)
  • Evaluation of South Asia Water Governance Programme (SAWGP) Monitoring and Evaluation Facility (MEF): This DFID Asia Regional Team management programme operates through to December 2017. The purpose of the work is to understand whether SAWGP and its constituent parts are making a difference in the management of the three Himalayan rivers (Indus, Ganges and Brahmaputra). If the programme is influencing change then the MEF will help to ascertain and document what that difference is, who is experiencing it, and how was it achieved. IOD Parc's work includes providing appropriate support to the SAWGP partners to enable coherent and transparent reporting of widespread initiatives. IOD PARC will be undertaking a longitudinal evaluation of the SAWGP through the use of a methodology based on Bayesian Belief Networks, working closely with SAWGP partners and other stakeholders. The implementation of transboundary water management within a context of climate change poses a challenge for effective management, monitoring and evaluation within a complex biophysical, social-economic and politico-legal landscape.(2015 - 2017)
  • Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA) Impact Monitoring for theEuropean Forestry Institute: IOD PARC is working in Ghana, Liberia, Cameroon and potentially republic of Congo to facilitate the development of an Impact Monitoring Framework suitable to the country context and the scope of the agreed VPA. This includes issues of governance, livelihoods, forest cover and condition as well as process documentation of the building of multi-stakeholder processes. These frameworks build on wider work within the countries - including that of REDD+ - given the important focus on governance reform and transparent legal processes. Whilst the focus for VPAs is on production forestry the implications of governance reform for effective forest and forest land management will be critical for climate change mitigation at local, regional and international levels. (2015 - 2017)
  • Sustainable Development Investment Portfolio - M&E Advisory Services, AusAID: IOD PARC was commissioned by AusAID to provide monitoring and evaluation advisory services for their Sustainable Development Investment Strategy (SDIS) for South Asia. The overall aim of SDIS is to improve regional cooperation on the integrated management of water, energy and food resources, addressing the effects of climate change and the roles and interests of women and girls. (2014 - Ongoing)
  • Independent Assessment & Monitoring of Scottish Government's International Development Funding Rounds: IOD PARC managed the independent assessment of the Scottish Government's International Development Fund, for which climate resilience and renewable energy are key areas of focus. We have reviewed funding proposals under the Development Programmes for Malawi, South Asia and Sub Saharan Africa. The contract also involves reviewing, assessing and reporting on monitoring and evaluation frameworks for Climate Justice Fund projects, linking climate change, human rights and water resource management. (2013 - 2016)
  • M&E support to ICIMOD (International Council for Integrated Mountain Development): IOD PARC has been working with ICIMOD's Strategic Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation Team for several years. This work has included institutional and programme development of 'Pathways to Impact' to facilitate understanding of approaches of using research in policy development and successful pilot scale up. This has included work with Regional Programmes (Transboundary Landscapes and Adaptation to Change) as well as individual projects such as Kailash Sacred Landscape, Rural Livelihoods and Climate Change Adaptation in the Himalayas (Himalica). IOD PARC is currently providing support to the SPME team as they plan and manage the independent Quinquennial Review of ICIMOD that will help to inform the strategic planning for the next 5 years of this critically important regional organisation. (2013 - 2016)


IOD PARC's Environmental Policy 

Our work in climate change is part of our commitment to sustainability more broadly. For example, since 2008 we have been undertaking carbon accounting for all of our operations and setting aside an in-house carbon offsetting fund which is used for climate relevant activities, such as funding a biofuel cookstove pilot project in Naivasha, Kenya in 2014.

More information about IOD PARC's Environmental Policy


Our Approach

We take a holistic approach to all of our work; when considering climate change and its causes and effects, this is more relevant than ever. Our work in climate change is therefore complemented by and supports our work in areas such as: 


Key IOD PARC staff delivering our climate change work include:

Sheelagh O'Reilly

Catherine Currie

Tom Fredriksson